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Joint Entrance Examination – Main (JEE-Main), formerly All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), is an examination organised by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India. Introduced in the year 2002, this national level competitive test is for admission to various undergraduate engineering and architecture courses in institutes accepting the AIEEE score, mainly 31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and 23 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)
The examination, originally called sometimes AIEEE, was renamed as Joint Entrance Examination (Main) in April 2017. The AIEEE was generally held on the last Sunday of April and results were announced in the last week of May or the first week of June. Post the rename, the exam is held in the first week of April and now result of paper 1 is announced in last week of april and paper 2 in may. Candidates are ranked on an all-India basis and on state basis. Thus, they get an All India Rank (AIR) and a State Rank (SR).
The examination consists of only two papers: Paper 1 for B-Tech courses and Paper 2 for BArchcourses. A candidate can opt for any or both the papers. Candidates attempting Paper 1 can select one of the two modes of writing the test. 1) Pen & paper 2) Online. Paper 1 has three subject sections: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Each one of the 3 subject sections consists of 30 questions each with equal weightage for every question. All questions are Multiple choice objective-type questions each of which has four choices. Out of the four choices for a given question, only one choice is correct. Every correct answer will receive 4 marks each and every incorrectly attempted question will receive a negative marking of -1 mark. There is no negative marking applied if the question is left unanswered. Paper 2 has three sections: Mathematics, Drawing, and Aptitude. Mathematics, and Aptitude sections have multiple choice objective-type questions and the Drawing section has drawing-based questions. The duration of each paper is three hours. Candidates are not allowed to carry any textual material, calculators, logarithmic tables or electronic devices into the examination hall. The number of questions and their maximum marks have been variable through the years. as per the orders of the Ministry of Human Resource Development CBSE conducted Paper 1 in Computer-Based-Test mode for the first one lakh candidates who opted for the same, while the remaining students took the examination in the conventional pen and paper mode The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at the examination is limited to three in consecutive years. As of 2018, the top 224,000 rankers of JEE (Main) will qualify to appear for the second and final level of examination: JEE (Advanced)
For the academic session 2017-18, around 12 lakh candidates appeared in JEE Main 2017. The number of participating institutes of JEE Main also witnessed an increase with addition of 3 new IIITs and 2 GFTIs.
23 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)
31 National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
23 Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)
20 Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFTIs)
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur
Several other Institutes spread across the country The Central Counselling Board coordinates the admissions to the under-graduate courses in the participating institutes. Only small percentage of students taking the test are eligible for central counselling or state-specific or category-specific counselling on basis of their AIR. Counseling for SC/ST candidates and SC/ST physically handicapped candidates is done on the first two days. Then the physically handicapped in the Open (OP) category are counselled.
As declared by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), 50% of the total seats in NITs and CFTIs are offered through Home State Quota, while 50% are reserved for Other State Quota or All India Quota. In other words, candidates who qualify JEE Main and are eligible for admissions into NITs and CFTIs, will be offered admission as per Home State and All India/Other State Quota.
The number of applicants in AIEEE 2012 was about 1.2 million, in 2011 it was about 1.1 million. According to the number of applicants it is the single day largest exam in the world. Institutes participating in the Central Counselling
Number of applicants by year
The number of applicants taking the JEE Main has varied over the years. In 2016, fewer aspirants registered as compared to the previous three years as shown in the table below.1.3 million candidates appeared for JEE Main in 2014. In 2016, JEE Main was conducted on 3 April 2016 (offline mode) and April 9 and April 10, 2016 (online mode).
Year No. of Students
Changes in JEE Main 2017
- The eligibility for admission to JEE Main participating institutes related to qualifying marks was changed to 75% aggregate marks (General Category) and 65% (Reserved Category) last year or the candidates must be in top 20 percentile of their respective class 12/qualifying exam board.
- Weightage given to class 12th marks in calculating All India Ranks of in JEE Main was scrapped.
- Aadhar card number was made mandatory to apply for JEE Main.
- Candidates from Assam, Meghalaya and J&K did not need any Aadhaar Number. Candidates from these states had to enter their passport number, bank account number, ration card number or any other valid identity number (by the government) to get exam centre in these states only.
- Total number of candidates eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced from JEE Main was increased to 220,000.